Pyrrhic Victory: East Orthodox Christianity, Politics and Serbian Nationalism in the Interwar Period

Level: 
Doctoral
Thesis author: 
Maria Falina
Thesis topic: 
nationalism
Thesis topic: 
Yugoslavia
Thesis topic: 
Serbia
Thesis topic: 
Political Ideologies
Thesis topic: 
Balkans
Thesis topic: 
East Orthodox Christianity
Thesis topic: 
Serbian Orthodox Church
Status: 
Completed
Year of enrollment: 
2005/2006
Duration of thesis project: 
Sep, 2005 - Jun, 2011
Thesis supervisor: 
Balázs Trencsényi
CEU unit: 
Department of History
Thesis abstract: 

The dissertation analyzes the position and political agenda of the Serbian Orthodox Church in interwar Yugoslavia. The aim of the project is to demonstrate how the fusion and the idea of fusion between Serbian nationalism and Orthodoxy were forged and evolved in the interwar period. The dissertation problematizes the bond between religious and national identities, which seems to be taken for granted by many. The thesis argues that the context of the Yugoslav and European political life was of great significance for the development of the Serbian Orthodox political project. The Church reacted to the challenges posed by political modernity e.g. the existence of multinational and multi-religious Yugoslav state, ideology of Yugoslavism, secularization, communism and fascism. The work aims at describing the Serbian phenomena in a manner that makes it comparable to other European cases. The concept ‘Political Orthodoxism’ initially coined for the Romanian context is applied creatively to the Serbian case. The interaction of nationalism and religion are analyzed with the emphasis on ideas and ideologies, while attention is paid to the individual actors as well.